Pest Library | Brown Recluse Spiders

Loxosceles reclusa

Brown Recluse Spider - Loxosceles reclusa
Color: Light to dark brown, with characteristic dark brown violin marking on back
Legs: 8
Shape: Round
Size: 5/8″
Antennae: No
Region: TX, LA, AR, OK, MO, KS, NE, IA, MO, IL, IN, OH, KY, TN, MS, AL, GA, NJ
Brown recluse spiders have a characteristic dark brown violin marking on their back.¬†Because of this marking, they are also known as “fiddleback” or “violin” spiders.


Brown recluse spiders are nocturnal and eat other bugs like cockroaches and crickets. Male brown recluse spiders wander farther than females and will crawl into shoes or other clothing.


Brown recluse spiders often live outdoors in debris and wood piles. They can be found indoors in storage areas and dark recesses.


Like the black widow spider, the brown recluse spider bites in defense and does not bite humans instinctively. They will bite humans when the clothing they are hiding in is worn. The brown recluse spider bite is painful and can produce an open, ulcerating sore.


To avoid brown recluse spiders, avoid keeping clothing on the floor. Store clothing and shoes inside plastic containers, and shake out all clothing that has been in a hamper before wearing or washing.

* Information courtesy of National Pest Management Association, Inc.